Vol 1 No 1 (2021): Proceding of Inter-Islamic University Conference on Psychology

Family Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Literature Study
Resiliensi Keluarga selama Pandemi COVID-19 : Studi Literatur Sistematik

Retno Herfinanda
Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Aprilia Puspitasari
Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Laksmi Rahmadian
Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Veronika Sakti Kaloeti
Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Published February 14, 2021
  • Family,
  • Family Resilience,
  • COVID-19,
  • Pandemic


The COVID-19 pandemic that has been taking place since the end of 2019 has brought many changes for many families. Families in the pandemic era are required to carry out all activities at home. This causes unclear boundaries between work and roles in the family which can increase distress in the family. This study aims to see how efforts to build family resilience in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic. The method in this research is a systematic literature study. The literature study uses articles from the 2020 range published in PsycNet, ScienceDirect, EBSCO, and Google Scholar. The characteristics of the articles reviewed were English-language articles, the study participants were families, and focused on family resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 6 articles on family resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic met the inclusion criteria. The results show that journals discussing family resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic are still limited. However, from this review literature study, it can be seen that the resilience of parents in the family can affect the resilience of other family members (their children). Each family member has an important role in it to build resilience during a pandemic. Resilience in families during this pandemic can be built with several activities, for example, jointly carrying out physical activities and spiritual activities in the family. Resilience in the pandemic era plays an important role in the psychological well-being of families. More research into resilience in more specific families is needed now. In addition, further research can develop programs that function to increase family resilience in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic.


  1. Black, K., & Lobo, M. (2008). Family Resilience Factors. Journal of Family Nursing, 14(1), 33–55.
  2. Bonanno, G. A., & Burton, C. L. (2013). Regulatory Flexibility: An Individual Differences Perspective on Coping and Emotion Regulation. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(6), 591–612.https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691613504116
  3. Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395(10227), 912–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
  4. Cusinato, M., Iannattone, S., Spoto, A., Poli, M., Moretti, C., Gatta, M., & Miscioscia, M. (2020). Stress , Resilience , and Well-Being in Italian Children and Their Parents during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 1–17.
  5. Daks, J. S., Peltz, J. S., & Rogge, R. D. (2020). Psychological flexibility and inflexibility as sources of resiliency and risk during a pandemic: Modeling the cascade of COVID-19 stress on family systems with a contextual behavioral science lens. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 18, 16–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2020.08.003
  6. Griffith, A. K. (2020). Parental Burnout and Child Maltreatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Family Violence. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00172-2
  7. Gunther-Bel, C., Vilaregut, A., Carratala, E., Torras‐Garat, S., & Perez-Testor, C. (2017). Couple and family relations early in the state-regulated lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain : An exploratory mixed-methods study. BMC Public Health, 5(1), 1–8. DOI : 10.1111/famp.12585
  8. Kasdi, A., & Saifudin, S. (2020). Resilience of muslim families in the pandemic era : Indonesian millennial muslim community’s response against COVID-19. Jurnal Penelitian, 17(1), 81–94.
  9. Kim, H., Kim, S., Choe, K., & Kim, J. S. (2018). Effects of Mandala Art Therapy on Subjective Well-being, Resilience, and Hope in Psychiatric Inpatients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 32(2), 167–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2017.08.008
  10. Koskela, T., Pihlainen, K., Piispa-Hakala, S., Vornanen, R., & Hämäläinen, J. (2020). Parents’ views on family resiliency in sustainable remote schooling during the COVID-19 outbreak in Finland. Sustainability, 12, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218844
  11. Lietz, C. A. (2011). Empathic action and family resilience: A narrative examination of the benefits of helping others. Journal of Social Service Research, 37, 254–265. https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2011.564035
  12. Masten, A. S. (2018). Resilience theory and research on children and families: Past, present, and promise. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 10(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12255
  13. Patrick, S. W., Henkhaus, L. E., Zickafoose, J. S., Lovell, K., Halvorson, A., Loch, S., Letterie, M., & Davis, M. M. (2020). Well-being of parents and children during the COVID-19 pandemic: A national survey. Pediatrics, 146(4), e2020016824. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-016824
  14. Prime, H., Wade, M., & Browne, D. T. (2020). Risk and resilience in family well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000660
  15. Purba, A. (2020). Tanggung Jawab Orang tua Kristen dalam Mendidikan Anak Menyikapi Pandemi Covid-19. EPIGRAPHE: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan Kristiani, 4(1), 86–97. https://doi.org/10.33991/epigraphe.v4i1.148
  16. Roberto, A., Sellon, A., Cherry, S. T., Hunter-Jones, J., & Winslow, H. (2020). Impact of spirituality on resilience and coping during the COVID-19 crisis: A mixed-method approach investigating the impact on women. In Health Care for Women International (pp. 1–22). https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2020.1832097
  17. Sprang, G., & Silman, M. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 7(1), 105–110. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2013.22
  18. Tee, M. L., Tee, C. A., Anlacan, J. P., Aligam, K. J. G., Reyes, P. W. C., Kuruchittham, V., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines. Journal of Affective Disorders, 277, 379–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.08.043
  19. Walsh, F. (2016). Strengthening family resilience (3rd ed.). The Guilford Press.
  20. Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1729), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcaa110
  21. Zhang Y, & Ma Z. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life among local residents in Liaoning Province, China: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [revista en Internet] 2020 [acceso 8 de octu. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Quality of Life among Local Residents in Liaoning Province, China: A Cross-Sectional Study., 17(march), 1–2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32233719/